The origin of wheat is certainly unknown. Besides, there are some sound proofs that Anatolia is scattered from arid areas, mountainous regions of Syria and Palestine. Especially in archeological excavations in Anatolia, Egypt and Iraq, coalized wheat grains were encountered. In Anatolian excavations, charred granules belonging to aestivum and compactum species were encountered in Alacahöyük and Alişarhöyük. In Alişarhöyük there is a small amount of durum wheat in addition to these.
During the Roman period, wheat agriculture was dominant over other grains. For this reason, it is also called the Roman Wheat Empire. But later on, the Northern Migrations and the Middle Ages dominated the rye in Europe. The wheat that entered the Americas only with its discovery, the agricultural there started in the 17th century. With the historical development of breadmaking technology, wheat employment has increased rapidly after it has become clear that wheat flour is the highest and wheat is the most suitable grain for bread. Societies consuming wheat are more civilized.
Finally, as a symbol of economic and political stability, wheat now attracts attention as a strategic product, a component of the brain, that sheds light on the nutritional problem of mankind.